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35 Ancient Chinese Inventions | Discoveries | Contributions

(Last Updated On: April 16, 2021)

The range and grandeur of ancient Chinese inventions were great. The great Chinese have put their footsteps in every possible area of discoveries, invention, and innovation.

In his article, I am going to give an overview of ancient Chinese inventions.

Ancient Chinese inventions

Listed here are the most remarkable ancient Chinese inventions:

1. Noodles and dumplings 

Chinese have a lot of contributions to the restaurant menu since the early Song Dynasty (960–1279) items like dumplings and noodles became very popular due to their cheap price. The products were among highly salable and trade items.

2. Horse Collar and Horse harness

Chinese we hard laborers as well as warriors for a long. They tamed horses for their day to day requirement ad well as dominate the enemies. Images of horse collar and Horse harness, (“trace” or “breast”) were found in the paintings of Northern Wei (386–534) as well as Sui Dynasty (581–618).

3. Helicopter Rotor and the Propeller

By the fourth century CE, a typical toy in China was the helicopter Rotor, referred to as the ‘bamboo dragonfly’.

The helicopter rotor in China led to nothing however amusement and pleasure, however, fourteen hundred years later it was to be one of many key components in the start of recent aeronautics within the West.

4. Heavy moldboard iron plow

The heavy moldboard iron plow had been a product of the malleable forged iron, was invented in the latter part of during the Shang Dynasty (c. 1600–c. 1050 BC).

The plow had a complicated design, with a central ridge ending in a sharp tip to chop the soil and wings which sloped gently up in the direction of the center to throw the soil off the plow and scale back friction.

5. Paper Money

The invention of the Banknote was rooted during the Tang Dynasty (618–907) which was successfully adopted during the Song Dynasty (960–1279) in order to proper the rising salt industry.

6. Crossbow

The crossbow was in common use in China from the 2nd century BC, during the Han Dynasty. It had the steel triggers and bolts – normally product of bronze, with bronze made tip that later on transferred to chromium.

7. Decimal System

With Chinese characters, ten is ten-blank and eleven is ten-one (zero was left as a clean area: 405 is ‘4 clean 5’), This was a lot simpler than inventing a brand new character for every quantity. This came into being in 14th-Century BCE.

Having a decimal system from the start was a giant benefit in making mathematical advances.

8. Soybean oil, Soy sauce, Tofu and Soymilk

Items such as Soybean oil, Soy sauce, Tofu, and Soymilk were invented prior to 2000 BC during the  Western Han dynasty.

9. Matches

No friction matches were developed by China by 577 AD, during Northern Qi (550–577) in order that housewives could lit up the stove for cooking.

10. Stem cell educator therapy

The Stem cell educator therapy was developed by China in association with US researchers, though it is not ancient Chinese inventions.

11. Gambling

Gambling, or the game of mahjong, was first invented in 1846 by Zhen Yumen, during Qing Dynasty (1644–1912). It is a type of gambling over a hundred tiles set

12. Digital Cigarette

A Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik invented the digital cigarette in 2003. It is actually nicotine diluted in a propylene glycol solution, produces a smoke-like vapor

13. Horticulture

Horticulture historical past in China, which is considered one of the greatest ancient Chinese inventions.

To enhance the form, productivity, shade, size, as well as to ensure high quality of crops, grafting was used within the 6thcentury. Greenhouses had been additionally used to domesticate greens.

14. Type Block (Moveable, and wood)

Both movable and wood type blocks are invented in china in order to accomplish printing activities by polymath scientist and official Shen Kuo (1031–1095) under the Song dynasty (960–1279)

15. Brandy and Whiskey

The tribal people of Central Asia found ‘frozen-out wine’ of their cold local weather during the third century CE. Distilled wine was popularized in China by the seventh century.

16. Chopsticks

Emperor Xin, also referred to as King Zhou made ivory chopsticks in the course of the Shang Dynasty.

During the 11th century BC chopsticks were made with ivory, bronze, and then bamboo, which is considered as one of the greatest ancient Chinese inventions.

17. Kite

Two kitemakers, Kungshu P’an who made kites formed like birds which may fly for as much as three days, and Mo Ti had been well-known in Chinese conventional tales from as early because of the fifth century BCE.

Kites had been utilized in wartime as early as 1232 when kites with messages had been flown over Mongol strains by the Chinese. The other use of kite was fishing hooks.

18. Rocket and multistaged rockets

Around 1150 it crossed somebody’s thoughts to connect comet-like fireworks to a 4-foot bamboo persist with an arrowhead and a balancing weight behind the feathers.

In order to make the rockets multi-staged, a secondary set of rockets was connected to the shaft, their fuses lighted as the primary rockets burned out.

19. Abacus

The Abacus is believed to have been developed by the Chinese in around 500 BC. According to historians, other types of Abacus might need been developed by the Sumerians so much earlier in 2,700 BC.

20. Sericulture

The manufacturing of silk, referred to as sericulture, was an early Chinese invention. The Chinese had been harvesting silk as early as 6,000 years ago.

Silk cocoons have been discovered to minimize in half that date to between 4,000 and 3,000 BC. But different finds from historical tombs present silk manufacturing could even stretch again so far as 8,500 BC.

21. Gunpowder

Gunpowder was invented through the Tang dynasty within the ninth century.

The first chemical explosive referred to as gunpowder or black powder was constructed from sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate (saltpeter).

The Chinese had used saltpeter for the reason that center of the first century AD in numerous medical therapies.

22. Tea Manufacturing

Tea and its manufacturing were discovered in China by the Chinese emperor Shennong in 2737 BC.

In the course of the Han dynasty, tea was used as a drug, and it was used as a drink on social events from the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD).

23. The Seed Drill

Chinese farmers usually planted seeds by hand which was time-consuming and ineffective. Many of the seeds by no means germinated due to pests and the weather.

The Chinese discovered an alternative choice for this loss. In the course of the Zhou dynasty, they found the seed drill that worked.

24. Seismograph

In 132 AD, Zhang Heng (78–139 AD) of the Han dynasty invented the first seismograph known as “Houfeng Didong” in order to measure the movement of the earth and seasonal winds. The seismograph was an urn-like instrument made from copper with a central pendulum.

The eight dragons on the floor, each holding the copper in its mouth, level out the eight completely different instructions: east, south, west, north, southeast, northeast, southwest, and northwest.

When there was an earthquake, the dragon’s mouth that was closest to the earthquake’s supply opened and the ball dropped into the mouth of the frog, producing a sound. This lets people know the route of the earthquake.

25. Porcelain

Porcelain was invented during the Shang dynasty (1600 BC–1046 BC). It was perfected through the Tang dynasty and was exported to the Center East.

In the course of the Tune Dynasty (960–1279 AD), the manufacture of porcelain turned extremely organized and reached new heights.

26. Deep Drilling

The Chinese developed drilling expertise to extract brine from beneath the earth’s floor. It was developed within the landlocked province of Szechuan, around 1,200 miles from the ocean, as a way to get salt from boreholes.

27. Civil service exams

In order to deploy some eligible civil service staffs and bureaucratic posts, there was a system called the xiaolian During the Han Dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD).

ancient chinese inventions

28. Paper

Paper was invented in China around 105 AD through the reign of the Han emperor He Di by Ts’ai Lun (or Chai Lun), an official of the imperial court.

Ts’ai Lun used the bark of the mulberry tree and pounded the fibers right into a sheet. Later, he found that the standard of the paper could possibly be improved by including hemp and old fish nets to the pulp.

Soon, the paper turned the new writing materials all over China.

29. Cuju (football)

Cuju (football): Football or cuju was first played during the Warring States period (403–221 BC). It is recorded that the people of Linzi city, used to play cuju among themselves as a part of the entertainment.

30. Acupuncture

Acupuncture was revolutionized through the interval of Huang Di, the Yellow Emperor (2697–2597 BC). It was a successful medication technique made of bamboo needles and solved many physical problems.

31.  Compass

The compass was a revolutionary invention the Chinese made. The nonmagnetic compass is credited to invent by the Chinese Han Dynasty in 206 BC. It was further improved by the Song Dynasty during the 11th century.

32. Iron and Metal Smelting

The Iron Age started in China through the Zhou dynasty (1050 BC–256 BC) and iron was used to create weapons, farming instruments, and family merchandise. 

33. The Great Wall

The Great Wall of China was constructed by the emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang (260–210 BC) to guard the nation against northern invaders.

The 5,500-mile-long wall was constructed by slaves, criminals, and peasants. It’s estimated that hundreds of thousands of individuals labored to construct the Great Wall over an interval of 1,000 years.

34. The Silk Road

The Silk Road was a historical business route utilized by retailers, merchants, and metropolis dwellers linking Asia to the Mediterranean. The 6,400 miles long Silk Road was developed by the Han dynasty.

35. The Wheelbarrow

The invention of the wheelbarrow is to be credited to prime minister Zhuge Liang (181–234 AD) of Shu Han, between 197 and 234 AD.

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