Hydrogen powered cars are electric vehicles powered by fuel cells that supply hydrogen (H2). The gas stored under pressure in dedicated tanks is exposed to the dioxygen (O2) in the surrounding air inside the cell. This is where an oxidation reaction takes place that produces electricity and aqueous steam (H2O). This article will give an overview of Hydrogen powered cars.
Problems surrounding Hydrogen powered cars
This electricity fires the car’s electric motor, which runs without engine noise or pollution, and when the car goes out of fuel storage, it must be stocked with hydrogen.
This can be done at dedicated service stations through pumps that are able to get pressurized gas into the tanks very quickly
The Hydrogen powered cars are a promising concept that makes it possible to create the desire for sustainable dynamic solutions – even more so as the industry is developing environmentally friendly methods of producing hydrogen.
The rollout of this technology on a larger scale, however, is investing heavily in infrastructure in terms of dedicated production and distribution facilities and charging stations.
What is an electric hydrogen fuel cell driven car?
Renault has chosen to go back to the development of this technology by incorporating a hydrogen fuel cell in its two electronic utility vehicles, the Kongu Z.E. Hydrogen.
Hydrogen fuel cells, therefore, become an added benefit for all-electric vehicles powered by lithium-ion batteries.
The electric vehicle engine in this setup is still largely powered by its lithium-ion battery. As a fuel cell, it acts as an additional fuel reserve in the vehicle, which can be said to operate the motor directly or to recharge the traction battery.
The benefits of a hydrogen-powered vehicle
First, drivers can enjoy a significantly improved range, as the power produced by hydrogen fuel cells increases the storage capacity of the original battery.
And it has one more benefit: The heat provided by the working fuel cell provides heat inside the car without using battery power in the winter.
There are two options for storing fuel for a Hydrogen powered cars, or vehicle: conventional charging, recharging the lithium-ion battery as the opportunity arises, and hydrogen fuel station to refill its gas tanks within minutes.
Beginning with engine noise, a pleasant driving experience, and access to limited traffic zones in some downtown areas, the electric vehicle has all the benefits.
In this way, Renault Hydrogen Vehicles combine the best aspects of the two technologies that complement each other.
They allow the driver to fully enjoy the practical and financial benefits of an electric vehicle and also benefit from the added qualities of hydrogen in terms of flexibility and range.
In 2019, more than 300 hydrogen-powered vehicles are already on French roads. They are for the most part Kongu Z.E.
The Hydrogen powered cars have changed as part of a partnership between Renault and Symbio, a fuel cell specialist and a subsidiary of Michelin Group. Hydrogen fuel stations are also increasing in number.
For example, there are around 30 in France and around 70 in Germany, not to mention more than 100 projects across Europe.
The emergence of the first mass-produced Hydrogen powered cars with business trends that are currently in charge of charging at most companies’ premises will help accelerate this infrastructure development.
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