The invention is a continuous process. Inventions in the early seventeenth century had great significance. Hunters were particularly fond of knives made in Beyoncé, a small French town near the Spanish border that is famous for its quality. This article will be sharing a discussion on inventions in the 17th Century.
From time immemorial, scientists are on continuous innovation. The French first adopted the “bayonet” for military use and this weapon. By the turn of the century, standard infantry had become the standard-issue throughout Europe.
Previously, military units relied on Pikeman to prevent Pikeman from attacking while reloading. With the launch of the bayonet, each soldier can be both Pikeman and Muskie.
Even after modern weapons were increasingly obsolete by the bayonets, they lasted into the 20th century – in part because they were considered as effective as mental weapons.
As one British officer put it, the regiments “never meet hands-on-foot and fight with the bayonet; and this is for the best possible reason – fleeing from one side to the other for abuse.”
Originated in the late 19th century as a way of keeping cattle in the American West, thorns soon found military application – especially during the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902), which is now South Africa.
As the conflict escalated, the British army took increasingly stringent measures to suppress the uprising led by the Dutch settlers.
One such step was to create a network of secure blockhouses connected to the thorns, which restricted the movement of the Velde Boers.
When British forces raided burning earth-destroying farms to refuse guerrillas as a way of assistance – the shoreline was called the “concentration camp”, where British forces were enclosed in women and children.
More than a decade later, the battlefields of the First World War will expand as a deterrent against advancing the barbed wall.
A pamphlet from the United States Army College published in 1717 summarizes the benefits of thorny nets:
“1. It is made easily and quickly.
2. It is difficult to destroy.
3. It’s quite difficult to get through.
৪. It does not interfere with defense philosophy and fire ”
Steamship: The British wrote, “The employment of steam as a motive force in the Navy, as in the war of all maritime nations, is a vast and abrupt change in involvement in operations on the sea, which of course can lead to a complete revolution in warfare,” wrote British General Sir Howard Douglas in an 1858 military treatise.
He was right, though this revolution in the naval war preceded the gradual evolution. Early commercial steamships were powered by paddle wheels mounted on both sides of the ship – reducing the number of cannons operating on the ship and exposing enemy fire engines. And the steamship has to enter the port to recover the coal supply every few hundred miles.
Nevertheless, steamships offered significant benefits: they did not depend on the wind for the driver. They were fast. And they were more navigable than shipwrecks, especially on shorelines, where they could bombard forts and cities.
Significantly the most important capabilities of steam-powered warships was the 1836 invention of the screw propeller, which replaced the paddle wheel. The next big step was the invention of the modern steam turbine engine in 1884, which was smaller, more powerful, and easier to maintain than the old piston and cylinder designs.
Locomotive: Justus Schibert, an officer of the Royal Prussian Engineers, spent seven months observing the Confederate Army’s military operations during the Civil War. “Railroad counts in the tactics of both parties,” he quickly concluded. “The trains provide the provision until the final moment. So the Confederation left nothing to rebuild the track as fast as the enemy destroyed. “
Although the railroad was occasionally used during the Crimean War (1853-1856), the Civil War was the first conflict in which locomotives demonstrated its leading role in rapidly deploying troops and material. Moles and horses can do the job very little compared to the low efficiency; A team of 1,5,7 men will need 6,7 draft animals.
Civil War historians David and Jane Heidler wrote, “If the war had spread ten years before the war, the chances of winning the South would have been better because the region’s railroad and northern region would not have been so great.”
However, after the war began, the railroad tracked more than 21,000 miles to the north South About a third of that amount was in the south.
Telegraph: The Civil War was the first conflict in which the Telegraph played a leading role. Private telegraph companies had been in operation since the 1840s – during the war, more than 50,000 miles of telegraph wire was connected to towns and cities in the United States.
Although about 90 percent of the telegraph service was located in the north, the Confederates were able to put the device to good use.
Field commanders issued orders to quickly concentrate forces to counter the union’s advance – a tactic that led to victory in the first battle of the Bull Run in 1861.
Arguably the most revolutionary aspect of the device is how it changes the relationship between the executive branch and the military. Prior to that, important battlefield decisions were left to the discretion of the field generals. But now the President can fully use his arrogance as Commander in Chief.
“Lincoln used the Telegraph to put starch on the spine of almost all his brave generals and to keep his leadership insight,” writes historian Tom Wheeler, author of Mr. Lincoln’s T-Mails. “[He] applied its dots and dashes as the format needed to win the Civil War.”
Puppy tractors: During World War I, engineers cut pieces of gravel for a piece of the shovel. The American tractor was inspired by this armored behemoth.
Or, more precisely, the dog tractor invented in 1904 by Benjamin Holt. Since the 1880s, Holt’s company, based in Stockton, California, has produced large, steam-driven grain cutters. To allow heavy machines to cross steep, clay inclines in the fertile river deltas, Holt instructed his mechanics to replace the drive wheels with “track shoes” made from wooden planks.
Later, Holt attempted to sell his invention to government agencies in the United States and Europe as a reliable means of supplying cannons and supplies on the front lines during the war.
The man who spotted the tractor in action is a friend of Colonel E.D. Dewitt of the British Army’s Engineering Corps. On July 7, he wrote a letter to Sweeten, describing the “Yankee Machine” as “moving like hell.”
Less than a year later, Sweeten drafted a specification for a tank – a rhomboid shape and a trademark of pigs to cross. It later became known as “Big Willie”. On September 15, 1916, during the Battle of Somd, the tanks launched their war.
As historian Reynolds Wick points out, “The first military tank had no American parts, no motor, track, or weapon. Anyway. The technological innovation that took place in Stockton on November 7 proved that the use of track-type trades could move heavy machines into tight areas. “
Camera: Aerial photographic reconstruction came of age during World War I for high-flying aircraft and better cameras. The aircraft was initially deployed to target artillery fire more precisely.
Later, they were used to create detailed maps of enemy trenches and defenses, assess damage after attacks, and scout “rear akalone” activities to gather insights into enemy combat planning. Baron Manfred von Richthofen – “Red Baron” – said that a photoconduction aircraft was more valuable than almost the entire fighter squadron.
The opposition army took steps to thwart photographic reorganization. Possible ground targets were camouflaged camouflage patterns. (French, Naturalists lists assistance of Cubist artists))
Of course, the most effective resistance was to shoot the aircraft at the aircraft and shoot the observation plane. To provide protection, the warships continued to re-strategize on their missions The era of “dogfight” began – and with it, the battlefield of airplanes was transformed.
Chlorine: Historians generally agree that the first event of the modern chemical war occurred on April 22, 1915 – when German troops opened 5,730 poisonous chlorine gases on the battlefield in Belgium’s Empress. British records show there were 7,000 casualties, 350 of which were fatal.
German chemist Fritz Haber recognized that the properties of chlorine a cheap expensive chemical material used by the German dyeing industry made it an ideal battlefield weapon.
Chlorine remains in its aerobic form at temperatures less than zero degrees Fahrenheit in winter, and because chlorine is two and a half times heavier than air, it can sink into the enemy’s shaft. When inhaled, the chlorine attacks the lungs, causing the fluid to fill up and literally sink.
In response, all sides looked for more deadly gas throughout the rest of the war. Chlorine is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of certain gases – including almost non-odorless phosgene, which accounts for approximately 5 percent of World War I gas-related deaths.
DDT: In the late nineties, along with the war on the horizon, the US Army prepared to defend its troops against one of the deadliest enemies on the battlefield: insect pests. During the First World War, typhus – a bacterium spread by lice
The disease – 2.5 million people died
Eol (military and civilian) alone on the eastern front. Health experts are also concerned about the potential for tropical diseases such as yellow fever and malaria in the tropics.
The military needs an insecticide that can be safely applied to powder in clothing and blankets. Initially synthesized by an Austrian student in 1873, DDT (dichlorodiphenyltichloroethane) maintained the strangeness of a laboratory until 3, when Swiss chemist Paul Moller discovered its pesticidal properties during the study of mothproof wool clothing. After the military screened thousands of chemical compounds, DDT finally debuted as the preferred pesticide: it worked in low doses, it worked immediately, and it kept working.
The DDT proved to be so effective that some historians believe that World War II was the first conflict in which more soldiers died in war than the disease.
Yet, even before the war ended, pesticides and medical researchers warned that these pesticides could have long-lasting, dangerous effects on public health and the environment. The United States banned DDT in 1972.
Tide-Predicting Machines: In year 1 the Allies planned to invade Europe, they faced a dilemma: should the landing at Normandy beach be at high tide or low tide?
The rationale for the high tide was that the soldiers would have less hill territory because of enemy fire. However, German general Erwin Rommel spent several months overseeing the construction of barriers and booby traps – which he called “the garden of the devil” – to thwart a possible ally landing. During high tide, Satan’s garden will be submerged and virtually disappear; However, it will be exposed during low tide.
In the end, the military planners concluded that the best conditions for an attack would one day be very (but slowly increasing) with low tide. In this way, the landing craft avoids German obstacles, and army engineers can begin to remove them for subsequent landing.
To complicate matters, the Allies also wanted a date, when before the dawn attack, landing paratroopers had enough moonlight to help the airliners.
So the Allies consulted meteorologists and other experts to calculate the dates when the alliance and the moon meet the ideal conditions. Among these experts was Arthur Thomas Dodson, a British mathematician who built one of the world’s most precise tidal-prediction machines – reducing the risk of shipwrecks entering a port.
Dodson’s machine was originally a primitive computer that made calculations using dozens of pulley wheels. Dodson himself calculated the typical dates of the D-Day attack – options- narrow June 1944, a narrow set of options. The Allied invasion of Europe began in June.
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