Do you know about the Nobel Prize winners in chemistry? The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Swedish: Nobelpriset I kemi) to scientists in various disciplines of chemistry every year. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by Alfred Nobel’s will, which was written in 1895 and died in 1896. Outstanding achievements in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine are recognized with these awards.
The Nobel Prize is administered by the Nobel Foundation and presented by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, as stipulated by Nobel’s will. Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff of the Netherlands received the first Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1901, Nobel Prize winners in chemistry. Each winner receives a medal, a certificate, and a monetary award reward, which has changed throughout time. Van ‘t Hoff was awarded 150,782 SEK in 1901, which is equivalent to 7,731,004 SEK in December 2007. On the 10th of December, the anniversary of the Nobel’s death, the prize is awarded in Stockholm during a ceremony.
More Nobel Laureates have been awarded for contributions to organic chemistry than any other branch of science, with at least 25 laureates. Richard Kuhn (1938) and Adolf Butenandt (1939), both German Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, was denied permission to accept the award by their governments. They would get a medal and a certificate later, but not the money, Nobel Prize winners in chemistry. Frederick Sanger is one of only two Nobel Laureates to win the prize in the same field twice, in 1958 and 1980. The other is John Bardeen, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 and 1972.
Maria Skodowska-Curie (physics in 1903, chemistry in 1911) and Linus Pauling (physics in 1903, chemistry in 1911) are two others who have received the Nobel Prize twice, once in chemistry and once in another discipline (chemistry in 1954, peace in 1962). Maria Skodowska-Curie, Irène Joliot-Curie (1935), Dorothy Hodgkin (1964), Ada Yonath (2009), Frances Arnold (2018), Emmanuelle Charpentier (2020), and Jennifer Doudna are among the 188 people who have received the prize as of 2021, Nobel Prize winners in chemistry. Benjamin List and David McMillan won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2021 for developing asymmetric organocatalysis.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has not been given for the past eight years (1916, 1917, 1919, 1924, 1933, 1940-42). There were nine years in which the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was postponed by a year, Nobel Prize winners in chemistry. The Nobel Committee for Chemistry concluded that none of the nominees for that year satisfied the qualifying requirements, therefore the prize was not given in 1914, but it was granted to Theodore William Richards in 1915 and recognized as the 1914 prize.
The 1918 prize was awarded to Fritz Haber in 1919, the 1920 prize was awarded to Walther Nernst in 1921, the 1921 prize was awarded to Frederick Soddy in 1922, the 1925 prize was awarded to Richard Zsigmondy in 1926, the 1927 prize was awarded to Heinrich Otto Wieland in 1928, the 1938 prize was awarded to Richard Kuhn in 1939, the 1943 prize was awarded to George de Hevesy in 1944, and the 1927 prize was awarded to Heinrich Ott, Nobel Prize winners in chemistry.
According to Ioannidis et al., half of the Nobel Prizes in Science given between 1995 and 2017 were concentrated in a few fields. Along with particle physics, areas such as cell biology, atomic physics, and neuroscience have dominated the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in recent decades. However, such subjects are interdisciplinary and have received Nobel Prizes in other fields. Molecular chemistry has received more Nobel Prizes for Chemistry than the other fields, accounting for 5.3% of all Nobel Prizes in science.
Nobel Prize Winners Chemistry
This list of Nobel prize winners in Chemistry is retrieved from Wikipedia for educational purposes.
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